casino de paris poster:casino,paris,poster,锘縶,Keyword:锘縶Keywords}#Title segmentation# In recent years, the pressure faced by college students has gradually increased, and various challenges have increased day by day. The psychological problems of writing networks have become increasingly pr
In recent years, the pressure faced by college students has gradually increased, and various challenges have increased day by day. The psychological problems of writing networks have become increasingly prominent, and college students have become a high-risk group of psychological problems. Mental health is closely related to people's quality of life, and it is closely related to whether college students can grow up healthily and become talented. If there is no healthy psychology, then it is difficult to become a sound and beneficial to the society.
The 'Opinions of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the State Council on Further Strengthening and Improving College Students' Ideological and Political Education' proposes to carry out mental health education in an in-depth manner.
Building a high-level departmental mental health education module system, aiming at improving the mental health education system of college students, improving the pertinence and effectiveness of college students' mental health education, helping college students to establish the belief that 鈥渉elp is the strong鈥?and obtain adjustment Emotional and behavioral skills, and gradually improve personality traits in the process of socialization. First, the necessity of constructing a second-level mental health education module system At present, domestic colleges and universities mainly undertake mental health education tasks for mental health education centers, including: mental health lectures, psychological assessment, psychological problem screening and referral, mental health The opening of educational programs covers the three sections of adaptability, development and intervention. However, at present, the school mental health education center faces fewer personnel and heavy tasks, and it is difficult to complete the mental health education and counseling tasks covering all employees. It is the difficulty faced by most college mental health education centers. About 10% of colleges and universities can reach 1:5000. The teacher-student ratio is quite different from that of Western developed countries and universities in Hong Kong and Taiwan. Some scholars have proposed to try to establish a secondary mental health education service station on the basis of the school's mental health education and counseling center to solve this problem.
School (Department) Secondary Psychological Education Service Station refers to the institution established by the department and dedicated to the mental health education of the students in the department based on the original school-level mental health education and counseling center. The secondary mental health education service station is mainly responsible for adaptive and developmental consultation. The purpose of adaptive consultation is to help college students adapt to the real environment and complete their social functions qualifiedly. The purpose of developmental consultation is to further expand their awareness. Accepting self, perfecting personality traits, and wisely facing challenges from life. The construction of secondary mental health education service stations is prone to the following problems: First, the activities and lectures carried out by various departments are different, lack of normative and systematic, and it is difficult to form a work that covers all members, complement each other, and form synergy. The second is that the training time of the counselors who undertake the education service work varies in length and level, resulting in a lack of uniformity in the quality of work and services provided by the secondary mental health education service station; thirdly, it is not conducive to school mental health education and consultation. The Center provides guidance, supervision and assessment of the education services of each institution (department). Therefore, the construction of the secondary mental health education system module has a forward-looking significance, which provides a new idea for the overall planning and development of mental health education in the school. The second-level mental health education module system refers to breaking through the traditional mental health education model, integrating mental health education service activities into a resource platform, providing an integrated mental health education service for all students of the college (system), with standardization, standardization, and modules. It is easy to operate and easy to operate. The construction of the secondary mental health education module system has the following meanings: 1. The standardized and standardized secondary mental health education module system is a useful supplement to the school mental health education activities. You can liberate the professional teachers of the mental health education center and concentrate on solving the key and difficult problems in the school's mental health education activities. 2. It can provide commonality and personalized service with good flexibility and high applicability, which is convenient for colleges and universities to select educational service projects according to their needs, and improve the pertinence and fit. 3. The second-level mental health education module system is innovative, defines the work content of the hospital (department) in mental health education services, and updates the original concept of 鈥渟chool mental health education center鈥?to facilitate this task. The team of counselors focused on training and the development of mental health education activities. Second, the construction of the second-level mental health education module system 1. The composition of the second-level mental health education module system In October 2015, the XX College of South China University of Technology conducted a survey on the mental health service needs of college students, and issued 600 questionnaires for recycling. There were 596 questionnaires, including 594 valid questionnaires. Through research, I learned that the number of students who think they have mental health needs services now and in the future account for the total number of people. When choosing the mental health service demand method, the proportion of each answer to the effective questionnaire is as follows: It can be seen that the mental health education service method has its own audience. When constructing the mental health education module, it is necessary to consider whether it can cover all employees. It is necessary to refine the work, to improve the consistency of services and needs, and to improve the flexibility and effectiveness of mental health education services. The secondary mental health education module system should be composed of two parts: common service and personalized service. The commonalization is divided into: psychological committee training platform, mental health education course, special lectures and micro-opening through modern media software. classroom. Personalized service modules include: individual consultation, subject group consultation, and theme salon. The specific figure is shown in Figure 1: The second-level mental health education module system. The commonality service module mainly provides lectures on the basic knowledge of psychology, special introductions on topics of interest, and analysis and answers to hot topics of psychology for all students in the department. The purpose is to help college students to clarify their own problems and improve their knowledge of psychology. Understanding and promoting their interest in psychology, reducing stigma, and further counseling are good ways to maintain and protect their mental health. The personalized service module mainly provides services for college students who are interested in self-exploration, self-development and self-improvement. The purpose is to expand the scope of the students' awareness, improve the empathy ability of participating students, pay attention to their empathy focus, and provide a stable object. The theme salons are given a variety of choices for college students to improve in activities and grow in activities. The ultimate goal of the second-level mental health education module system is to improve the adaptability, self-regulation, anti-stress, anti-frustration and help-seeking ability of college students. Only with these four abilities can college students better adapt to social reality, fulfill social functions, and avoid crisis events. 2. Implementation of the second-level mental health education module system (1) Implementation mechanism of the second-level mental health education module system. The second-level mental health education module system is an organic system covering all students of the college (the department) and the whole process of learning. It involves the sequence of the implementation of each content, the unit time, the total time-consuming, whether it is regular, whether it is closed or not. It is required to have a mechanism to mediate from it to ensure that the ultimate goal is consistent. 1 Establishing a long-acting mechanism for the selection, training and assessment of psychological committee members is an important part of the implementation mechanism of the second-level mental health education module system. The ratio of psychological committee members to ordinary students should be between 1:30 and 60. The proportion is too high. The psychological committee is unable to complete such a huge workload of monitoring and troubleshooting crisis events. It is difficult for the psychological committee members to carry out group activities. The selection of the Psychological Committee should be selected through individual application, psychological test, and one-on-one interview. After the selection, the training will be conducted for one year. The training includes basic knowledge of psychology, characteristics of common diseases, peer counseling techniques, and group activities. Leading several parts, the work of the psychological committee should also be assessed at the end of each school year. The assessment should include: the form of mental health education in the class, the timely reporting of crisis events, the development of peer counseling and listening, and the use of empathy technology. Wait a few points. 2 Mental health education electives The theme of each semester should be different according to different subjects. For example, when new students enter school, they should use interpersonal relationship and emotional adjustment as the theme. Before graduation, they should focus on releasing stress and separating anxiety. Special lectures, psychological micro-classes, etc. should be opened according to the age characteristics and main needs of college students. They can be once a month or once a month. The duration is about 60-90 minutes, and the number is about 20 people. The topics of lectures and salons are mostly based on social hot topics, such as Yang Lijuan's chasing the star of Andy Lau, or the popular color psychology in society. 3 Individual consultation should be scheduled for a fixed time of the week, the duration is about 45 to 50 minutes, the consultant is fixed, the consultation site is fixed, and the consultation time is fixed. The number of consultations for kinetic orientation is not less than 30, and the number of consultations for cognitive behavioral therapy orientation is not less than eight. 4 The subject group consultation should also be fixed at a fixed time each week for about 60 to 90 minutes. The number of participants is between 8 and 12, and the total length of group consultation is no less than 36 hours. It is best to adopt a closed group approach (that is, no longer accept new people after the formation of the group), giving members a sense of security that they are self-exposed. The interpersonal relationship group consultation can adopt the open group model (that is, the group can accept new people after the formation), so that members can observe, learn, experience, improve and adjust interpersonal relationships in interpersonal communication, learn new interpersonal communication modes and methods of doing things. attitude. For group counseling with the theme of heterosexual interaction, members should consider the ratio of male to female, so that members can understand themselves, analyze themselves and accept themselves in interaction with the opposite sex. (2) The main body of the second-level mental health education module system. The counselor is the main body of the implementation of the second-level mental health education system module, and bears all the work content. The counselor team should develop an implementation plan before the start of the school year, assign implementation tasks, and develop a learning plan based on their own interests and direction and extent of training, and strive for professional competence. The counselor who undertakes the education service should have the following qualifications: national third- or second-level counselor certificate, dynamic orientation or cognitive behavior theory orientation counseling training, group counseling junior certificate or participation group therapy no less than 48 hours In addition, we can further study the psychological counseling methods of sandbox game primary or intermediate courses, release dream technology, hypnosis technology, focus resolution, mindfulness treatment, etc., and further enhance the personalized service and attractiveness of the secondary mental health education module system. (3) Key points for the implementation of the secondary mental health education module system. According to many years of psychological counseling practice, the most common questions asked by college students are: interpersonal problems, learning problems, emotional problems, emotional problems, personality development problems, self-cognitive problems, and neurosis. One of the themes of the survey on the needs of college students' mental health services is to investigate the main reasons for the psychological problems of college students. The proportions of the answers to the effective questionnaires are as follows: interpersonal relationships, learning problems, emotional problems, family problems, economic problems and The employment problem has caused great troubles for college students' mental health problems. Therefore, the implementation of the secondary mental health education system module should focus on adaptive counseling and developmental counseling. The specific content of the two components is shown in Figure 2: The second-level mental health education system module implementation focus. It should be emphasized that adaptive counseling and developmental counseling are a continuous lineage. Visiting students are not always in adaptive counseling or developmental counseling. Sometimes their problems may be adaptive and developmental, adaptive and Development is a complement and complement each other. 3. Secondary mental health education module system guarantee (1) The second-level mental health education module system will encounter some problems in the operation process. For example, the team of counselors who undertake the task of implementing the module system need to receive guidance and supervision regularly. Students are reluctant to consult at the School Mental Health Education Center or the Department of Secondary Mental Health Education Station. To solve the above problems, in addition to utilizing the strength of the counselor team of the secondary mental health education module, you need to ask for 鈥渇oreign aid鈥? (2) The counselors who undertake the above work should also form a group group and provide group supervision for the group members, which is beneficial to the counselors to purify the negative emotional emotions and emotions of the visiting students and protect the counselor's mind from harm. In addition, the school psychological counseling center can provide case counseling and consultation for counselors on a regular basis, which can further improve the professional ability level of counselors and optimize the modularization of mental health education in colleges. (3) The professional teachers of the school mental health education center can regularly train and supervise the college counselors, especially the training of the identification and disposal methods of the crisis should be accurate and procedural. (4) The faculty can also cooperate with highly qualified off-campus professional psychological counseling institutions. The psychological counseling institutions regularly provide training and supervision for the college counselors, and provide students with high-level special lectures, as well as public welfare counseling for students. This opens up another way for students who are unwilling to accept the modular counseling center of the school and the modular service of mental health education. Author: Fly Skynet All rights reserved. The author and the original source and this statement must be indicated in the form of a link when reprinting.
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