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锘?p>Xiyuan School, Rushan City, Shandong Province (May 4th, Lu Education Edition) Eighth Grade History Book 6 Lessons Download Xiyuan School, Rushan City, Shandong Province (May 4th , Lu Jiao Edition) The eighth grade history of the second lesson of the sixth class of science, the road to explore the building of socialism (study case) [collecting before class] students collect other construction achievements and advanced figures and their deeds of this period, New Year's Day performance The form of the story is exchanged.

Search for the supplementary materials of the Eighth National Congress, the Great Leap Forward and the People's Commune Movement and the deeds of Deng Jiaxian.

[Learning Objectives] 1. Through learning, understanding and mastery: the main tasks determined by the Eighth National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the proposal of the general line of socialist construction, the launch of the 'Great Leap Forward' and the people's commune movement, the overall adjustment of the national economy, socialism The achievements of construction, the outstanding contributions of advanced figures such as Deng Jiaxian, Wang Jinxi and Jiao Yulu.

2. By reading the murals of the 'Great Leap Forward', you can understand the performance of the 'Left' error, learn the deeds of advanced figures such as Deng Jiaxian, Wang Jinxi, Jiao Yulu, and cultivate the ability to read pictures and maps; The causes of road errors and the achievements of economic construction, cultivate dialectical analysis of historical issues and the ability to learn from history.

3. Through the study of the good beginnings and serious mistakes in exploring the path of socialist construction, I realized that exploring the path of Chinese-style socialist construction is a long-term, tortuous process, despite serious mistakes in the exploration. However, due to the hard work of the party and the people, China鈥檚 socialist construction has still achieved great achievements. [Key points] The main tasks identified by the Eighth National Congress of the Communist Party of China and the tremendous achievements of socialist construction. [Difficulties] Exploring the reasons for serious mistakes in building a socialist road. [Learn and Guide] 1. Take the clues of 'Exploring the good beginning of the road to building socialism - mistakes - adjustment - achievements' as the clue to master the knowledge of this lesson.

2. Through reading pictures to deepen the understanding of the 'Great Leap Forward' and the people's commune movement, and cultivate the ability to use pictures to obtain effective information.

3. Through the analysis of the causes of serious mistakes in the exploration of building a socialist road, grasping the basic viewpoints of dialectical materialism and historical materialism, and learning to dialectically analyze historical phenomena.

[Scenario Import] Presents a picture, asks two questions, and imports a new lesson.

[Knowledge Structure] I. Good Start: The 8th National Congress of the Communist Party of China 1. Background: In the mid-1950s, the world and its rapid development.

In order to adapt to this development trend, based on domestic analysis.

2, time: 3, the main tasks: 1 concentrated power development, 2 realization, 3 progressive satisfaction and needs.

(Knowledge convergence: 1 Reviewing the time of the Seventh National Congress of the Communist Party of China, pointing out that the Eighth National Congress of the Communist Party of China is the first meeting of the Party after the founding of New China.

Comparative knowledge of similar knowledge points: 2 Review the basic tasks of the 鈥淔irst Five-Year Plan鈥?and make a difference memory. 4. Evaluation (meaning): This is true.

Second, mistakes: 1, performance: In 11958, the general route of ',,' was proposed.

The 2 Party Central Committee launched '' and sports.

(Serious mistakes) 3 'Left' mistakes are rampant across the country.

2, the logo:,,,.

(Interpretation of the historical data: combined with the text of the newspaper on page 28 of the 'Picture Picture' and the small-word materials and the text of the guide frame, to deepen the understanding of the 'Great Leap Forward' and the people's commune movement) 3. Reasons: (Cultural study habits: Mark the main points on the textbook and summarize the questions.

) 1 China has just turned from the party, the people and the people have insufficient understanding of China; 2 pairs lack experience, 3, 4 ignored.

(The connection between knowledge and reality: combined with the reasons for serious mistakes in building a socialist road, what lessons should we learn from the process of reform and opening up and development of the economy at this stage?) Third, the adjustment of the national economy: Background: 1 'Great Leap Forward' and the people's socialization movement is a serious mistake.

(Evaluation) 2 Natural disasters, etc., the country and the people face serious economic difficulties.

2. Time: Year 3, Adjustment: Comprehensive adjustment of the national economy and restoration of production; 4. Results: Obvious results.

Fourth, construction achievements: 1, great achievements: 1 mainly have a large increase, especially outstanding.

The completion of

ended China鈥檚 era of 鈥渇oreign oil鈥?and achieved full self-sufficiency in crude oil and petroleum products.

2 Emerging, developed from scratch.

2, model characters: Daqing oil workers, two bombs, and county party secretary.

(Intuition of Moral Education: Combine the characters and pictures of 29-30 pages of textbooks, deepen the understanding of the deeds of advanced figures, and think: What spirit should we learn from them?) [Capability training] 1. Multiple choice questions: 1. The time for the Eighth National Congress of the Communist Party of China was: A, 1953 B, 1955 C, 1956 D, 1958 2. The good beginning of the exploration of the socialist road was A, the Seventh B of the Chinese Communist Party, the three major reforms C, the Eighth National Congress of the Communist Party of China, and the land. Reform 3. The main tasks of the current party and people put forward by the 'eighth' of the CCP are: A, cultivating and building talents B, developing social productive forces C, establishing a socialist system D, developing heavy industry. 4. The party and the government comprehensively adjust the national economy and resume production. In the ten years of construction in A, 1956, B, 1958, C, 1961, D, 1966, 5, and CCP, China's industry developed rapidly, the most prominent of which is A, petroleum industry B, electronics industry C, atomic energy. Industrial D, aerospace industry 6, marking China's end of the 'foreign oil' era of major events are: A. The first aircraft manufacturing plant was completed B. Wuhan Yangtze River Bridge was completed C. Shenyang First Machine Tool Plant was completed D. Daqing Oilfield was built II ,material Material analysis questions: Read the following materials: Material 1: See the following picture: Material 2: The People's Commune is a social grassroots organization with political and social integration. The purpose of establishing a people's commune is to attempt to filter ownership to the whole people and to communism.

In the summer and autumn of 1958, people's communes were established in various places.

Please answer: 1. At what time is the newspaper in the material one published, what is a silhouette of the sport? Its content mainly reflects the performance of the 'Left' tilt error? 2. What is the movement of material 2? 3. What is the cause of the movement of materials 1 and 2? Please rate these two sports? What are the main signs of these two sports? 4. After reading the above materials, what inspiration did you get? (1 Carefully read the materials, find keywords, words, and cultivate the ability to extract effective information from the materials; 2 carefully review the questions, do not miss the questions, and clarify the scope of the questions; 3 combine the knowledge learned in this lesson to accurately answer the questions.

4 pay attention to writing! 3. Questions and Answers: When did the good beginning of the construction of the socialist road begin? In the next decade, what great achievements have China's socialist construction achieved? What serious mistakes have occurred? How do you view these mistakes? (1 Seriously review the questions, grasp keywords, words, and clearly answer the scope of the questions; 2 combine the knowledge learned in this lesson to accurately answer the questions.

[Knowledge Network][Harvest and Doubt] Information Links: 1. The Eighth National Congress of the Communist Party of China The Eighth National Congress of the Communist Party of China was held in Beijing in September 1956.

This is the first national congress of our party after the founding of the People's Republic of China.

The important points raised by the Congress from the party's guiding ideology and the main problems to be solved are: 1. The socialist transformation of the private ownership of the means of production 'has achieved a decisive victory', 'China's proletariat and the bourgeoisie The contradiction has basically been resolved. The history of the class exploitation system for thousands of years has basically ended, and the socialist social system has basically been established in our country.

'China began to enter a period of comprehensive large-scale socialist construction.

Second, in the new historical period, the main contradiction in our country has been the contradiction between the people鈥檚 need for rapid economic and cultural development and the current economic culture and the inability to meet the needs of the people.

The current main task of the party and the people of the country is to concentrate on developing social productive forces, transforming China from a backward agricultural country into an advanced industrial country as soon as possible, and gradually satisfying the people's growing material needs and cultural needs.

The 3rd and 8th National Congress continued to adhere to the economic construction guidelines put forward by the Party Central Committee in May 1956, which was both anti-conservative and anti-aggressive, that is, steadily moving forward in a comprehensive balance.

Zhou Enlai鈥檚 report at the conference elaborated on this policy.

He pointed out: 'The development speed of the national economy should be reasonably stipulated according to needs and possibilities, and the plan should be placed on the basis of being positive, stable and reliable to ensure a more balanced development of the national economy.

' 4. Regarding China's socialist economic system, Chen Yun said in his speech at this congress: 'The situation of our socialist economy will be like this: in terms of industrial and commercial operations, state operations and collective operations are business and industry. The subject, but with a certain number of individual businesses.

This self-employment is a supplement to state operations and collective operations.

V. In terms of national work, the Eighth National Congress requires further expansion of the country's democratic life, the struggle against bureaucracy; strengthening the unity of all ethnic groups in the country, continuing to consolidate the people's democratic united front; gradually formulating comprehensive laws and improving us The legal system of the country.

6. In terms of party building, the Eighth National Congress emphasized the principle of seeking truth from facts and closely combined the universal truth of Marxism-Leninism with the practice of the Chinese revolution to overcome subjectivism, bureaucracy and sectarianism.

In short, the eight major lines and guidelines are correct. It is the creative use of Marxism-Leninism by the party during the socialist period in China. It is also the new development of Mao Zedong Thought and the development of socialism and party building in the new era. Indicated the direction.

However, due to the lack of historical conditions and experience at the time, the Eighth Congress also had shortcomings on some important issues.

For example, on the issue of class struggle, although it is pointed out that the contradiction between the working class and the bourgeoisie has been basically solved, this is undoubtedly a scientific thesis of Marxism, but the party鈥檚 guidelines and all that are required for this scientific assertion. The profound transformation of work still lacks sufficient understanding of how to adhere to this scientific assertion in complex domestic and international changes.

As another example, the issue of objecting to personal worship was correctly put forward, but this issue has not received sufficient attention on this issue, and no effective measures have been taken to prevent and stop the development of personal worship. And a solid inner-party democracy.

After the Eighth National Congress, there was a 'Left' mistake in the guiding ideology of our Party. The line proposed by the Eighth Congress and many correct guidelines and opinions were not able to persist in practice.

The 'Great Leap Forward' movement undermined the normal development of the national economy and brought a series of serious consequences.

The method of soil-based steelmaking is wasteful and of poor quality.

At the end of 1958, the country produced 10.73 million tons of steel, of which 3 million tons of soil steel could not be used.

As a result of tens of millions of young and middle-aged laborers from the agricultural industry, the prospecting of iron or steel and steelmaking has seriously affected the completion of the autumn harvest, resulting in a decline in agricultural production.

In 1960, compared with 1957, the total agricultural output value decreased by 5%; the grain output decreased by 103 billion jin.

In the winter of 1959, the central government began to correct the serious shortcomings of the 'Great Leap Forward' movement that was recognized at that time, and the movement gradually stopped.

The rural people's commune movement was developed in the 'Great Leap Forward' in 1958.

In the rural people's commune movement, the country has a 'communist' style.

Combined the boundaries of ownership and collective ownership, socialism and communism in many ways.

The commune casually invoked the labor, funds, land and property of the members and production teams, canceled the peasants鈥?reserved land, and deprived the peasants.

The principle of distribution according to work was destroyed, serious egalitarianism occurred, and the enthusiasm of farmers for production was damped.

In the winter of 1960, the central government began to correct the 'left' mistakes in rural work and gradually solved some major problems since the rural people's commune movement that was recognized at the time.

Deng Jiaxian, a native of Huaining County, Anhui Province, born in 1924, member of the Communist Party of China, nuclear physicist, member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences.

Graduated in the Physics Department of Southwest Union University in 1945, and then taught at Peking University.

In October 1948, he went to the Physics Department of Purdue University to study abroad. In 1950, he received his Ph.D. in physics and returned to China in the same year.

Served as a research assistant and associate researcher at the Institute of Modern Physics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, director of the theoretical department of the Ninth Institute of the Second Ministry of Machinery, vice president and dean of the Ninth Research Institute, deputy director of the Science and Technology Commission of the National Defense Science and Technology Commission, and the Ministry of Nuclear Industry. Deputy Director of the Science and Technology Commission.

The 12th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China.

The death in 1986.

In the study of atomic bombs and hydrogen bombs, Deng Jiaxian led the basic theoretical research on fluid mechanics, carried out a large number of simulation calculations and analysis on the physical processes of atomic bombs, and took the first step of China's independent research on nuclear weapons.

He led the completion of the theoretical program of the atomic bomb and participated in the detonation simulation test that guided the nuclear test.

After the successful atomic bomb test, organize the forces immediately, explore the design principles of hydrogen bombs, and select the technical approach.

In 1982, he won the first prize of the National Natural Science Award. In 1985, he won the special prize of two National Science and Technology Progress Awards. In 1986, he was awarded the title of National Model Worker.

Study Applied Law Applied Law Applied Method Applied Learning Habits Training Method to Guide the Mistakes in Exploring Economic Construction Achievements The Eighth National Congress of the Communist Party of China (1956) Comprehensive Adjustment (1961) The main achievements of the hero model general line of efforts, strive for the upstream, more Quickly and economically build a natural disaster of the socialist 'Great Leap Forward' people's commune movement.


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