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(Original title: WhatHappensIfChinaMakesFirstContact) Netease Technology News November 15th news, according to foreign media reports, China has built the world's largest 500-meter spherical radio telescope in the Karst mountainous area of ??Guizhou Province (Five-hundred-meterApertureSphericalradioTelescope, FAST), one of which is to receive information from extraterrestrial civilizations. A few days ago, RossAnderson, the senior deputy editor of the Atlantic Monthly, visited here and had an in-depth exchange with the famous Chinese science fiction writer Liu Cixin to discuss different views on the laws of the Dark Forest. In January last year, the Chinese Academy of Sciences invited Chinese outstanding science fiction writer Liu Cixin to visit the latest national-level spherical radio telescope in Southwest China.

This giant telescope is currently the world's largest radio telescope, and its width is almost twice that of the Arrecife Observatory's telescope in Puerto Rico. The accuracy of this Big Mac is extremely high, even if the spy satellite does not transmit signals to it. But it is mainly for scientific research, but also has an unusual role: the first device on Earth to monitor the signals of alien civilizations.

This means that if information about alien intelligent creatures comes from space in the next decade, China is likely to hear it first.

From this point of view, it is not surprising that Liu Cixin was invited to visit this radio telescope. He has a great appeal in the exploration of the universe in China, and the China National Space Administration sometimes invites him to participate in various scientific investigations. Liu Cixin is a well-deserved leader in the field of Chinese science fiction literature. Many Chinese science fiction writers are used to calling it 'big Liu.' In the past few years, engineers from the National Astronomical Observatory of the Chinese Academy of Sciences have been reporting to Liu Cixin about the progress of the construction of this large radio telescope, and also show how Liu Cixin is motivating their work. Illustration: The giant spherical radio telescope in the mountainous area of ??Guizhou has to say that it is a strange choice to invite Liu Cixin to visit this equipment. There are many things in his book about the risks of contact with alien civilizations. He warned that 'the emergence of other intelligent species' may be coming soon and may lead to the extinction of mankind. In a postscript to a book, he wrote: 'Maybe after 10,000 years, the starry sky that humans are watching will remain silent. But maybe when we wake up again from sleep, we will see the earth orbit hovering like Moon-sized alien spaceship. In recent years, Liu Cixin has become one of the world's leading writers. In 2015, his science fiction novel 'Three-body' won the Hugo Award for Best Long Story Award. Barack Obama told the New York Times that the first of the trilogy trilogy brought him a new cosmic view during his presidency. Liu Cixin also told me that Obama’s staff had asked him to provide a sample of the third book. At the end of the second part, a protagonist in the book describes the core idea of ??the trilogy. He said that no civilization should declare its existence to the universe. When other civilizations in the universe realize that the civilization exists, they will be identified as a potential threat, and all cosmic civilizations will eliminate competitors until they encounter a competitor with superb technology to eliminate themselves. This cruel cosmology is known as the 'Dark Forest Rule' because it imagines every civilization in the universe as a hunter hidden in the dark forest, listening to the voices of potential opponents. The plot of Liu Cixin's Trilogy of Trilogy began in the late 1960s when a young Chinese woman sent messages to nearby galaxies. The civilization that received the information began a centuries-old plan for the Earth, but the woman did not care about the survival of mankind. The particles emitted by alien civilizations have disrupted the Earth's particle accelerators, preventing humans from making any development in basic physics, and the speed of the world has been greatly slowed down. Science fiction is sometimes called future literature, but historical fables are still one of its main models. Isaac Asimov's 'base' is based on classical Rome, while Frank Herbert's 'Dune' draws on the history of the former Bedouin Arabs. However, Liu Cixin is not willing to associate his book with reality. He also told me that his creation was inspired and influenced by the history of earth civilization, especially the 'common encounter between more advanced civilizations and aborigines.' Such encounters often occurred in the 19th century, when China in Asia was closed, but with the demise of the European maritime empire, the once great powers of the dynasty no longer existed. This summer, I went to China to visit this newly completed observatory. I went to Beijing to meet with Liu Cixin before the visit. I chattered about him about the adaptation of the 'Three-body' into a movie. 'People want it to be the Chinese version of 'Star Wars,' he said, looking helpless. The filming of the film has ended in mid-2015 and is still in post-production. The entire special effects team was even replaced during the period. 'When it comes to making science fiction movies, our system is not mature enough,' Liu Cixin said frankly. I once used Liu Cixin as the most important thinker in China in contact with alien civilizations, but I also want to know what happens when I visit the new radio telescope. After the translator conveyed my question, Mr. Liu stopped smoking and laughed. He said: 'This seems to have gone beyond the scope of science fiction.' A week later, I took the high-speed train from Shanghai and walked south along an elevated railway. I saw that the high-rise buildings on both sides were blurred and went backwards. The mega-architecture of every city is filled with countless windows. From 2011 to 2013, China's cement concrete pouring amount is more than the United States in the 20th century cement concrete pouring. China has begun building railways in Africa and hopes that domestic high-speed railways will extend to Europe and even through the Bering Strait tunnel to North America.

Graphic: Chinese famous science fiction writer Liu Cixin began to gradually reduce the number of skyscrapers and cranes as the train headed inland.

The train travels between the verdant rice fields and the low mist, which is easily reminiscent of ancient China.

At that time, China spread the text to all parts of Asia; brought metal coins, paper money and gunpowder into human life; and built river mains that are still irrigating terraces.

When all the way to the west, the hills next to the railway are getting steeper and steeper, and the hills are getting higher and higher until I have to lean against the window to see the whole mountain.

Every once in a while, HansZimmer's bass soundtrack and station sound will ring.

When two trains meet, the window is full of dazzling white light, and the glass makes a vibrating sound at the high speed of the train.

At noon, the train arrived at Guiyang Railway Station.

This is the capital of Guizhou Province, one of the poorest and most remote provinces in China.

The Guiyang High Speed ??Railway Station is a glittering sponge-like building.

The government-driven social transformation seems to be going on. The signs of smoking bans in the station are everywhere, and the speakers repeatedly remind passengers to “maintain a good atmosphere”.

When an older man suddenly plugged into the railroad, a security guard pulled him in front of hundreds of people.

The next morning, I walked through the hotel lobby where I stayed and saw the driver who took me to the observatory.

The whole journey lasted for four hours. After two hours of driving, he got off the rain and went to the farmland 30 meters away. An old woman was harvesting rice in the field.

The driver asked her about the direction of the Observatory 100 km away.

Because of impassable speech, after repeated communication between the two sides, the old woman took her sickle and pointed it in one direction.

We set off again, through a small village, more than a motorcycle and a pedestrian on the side of the road.

The roofs of some buildings along the road have been upturned for hundreds of years; others are new, and the residents are relocated by the Observatory.

Even in the scientific community, SETI is often ridiculed as a religious mystic.

After about 20 years ago, a budget amendment proposed by the US Congress to Senator Richard Bryan of Nevada dismissed the US plan to find extraterrestrial civilization.

Brian pointed out that he hopes that this will be the end of 'the taxpayer's money for the Martian hunting season.'

To some extent, this can explain why China, not the United States, built the first radio observatory to search for extraterrestrial civilization as one of its main scientific purposes.

Searching for extraterrestrial civilization does have some similarities to religion.

It's motivation is also the deepest desire of human beings for contact and transcendence.

It focuses on the issue of human origin, the original creativity of nature, and our future problems in this universe, all of which occur when traditional religions have become unconvincing to many people.

It is unclear whether it is helpful to search for extraterrestrial civilization to explain this. It is also unclear why the US Congress decided not to fund the search for extraterrestrial civilization.

Because the government had been willing to spend hundreds of millions of dollars to explore phenomena such as black holes and gravitational waves.

The costly, long-lasting tasks are all started when the goal is just a probabilistic one.

As Darwin has expressed, the evolution of intelligent life on Earth is not a speculative possibility.

In fact, the search for extraterrestrial civilization may be the most interesting scientific plan proposed by Darwinism.

The enthusiasm for global search for extraterrestrial civilization is rising even without the support of the US government.

Today's radio telescope technology has brought distant stars to humans, and we can see the planets that orbit them.

The next generation of observational technology is evolving, and with new technology, our observations will be able to penetrate into the atmosphere of these planets.

Researchers searching for extraterrestrial civilizations are ready for this, and in the process they will become future thinkers.

They are already imagining the technologies that advanced civilizations may use, and the signs that these technologies produce in the observable universe.

They have already discovered how to trace the chemical traces of man-made pollutants from the void. They know how to screen the vast stars in the universe and resolve the planets from the afterglow of supernova explosions.

In 2015, Russian billionaire YuriMilner spent $100 million to fund the SETI program led by scientists at the University of California at Berkeley.

The team's observations in one day are more than the observations made in a whole year a decade ago.

In 2016, Milner sponsored $100 million for the Star Trek mission.

The project built a giant laser array deep in the Chilean desert, and its beam will drive a number of ultra-thin detectors to the Alpha Centauri outside of four light years. Scientists can observe the Alpha Centauri through the detector. Planet.

Milna told me that the probe's camera might be able to distinguish the continents on the planet.

The research team simulated the launch of such a beam and noted that it has striking similarities with the mysterious 'fast radio bursts' that Earth astronomers often find, suggesting that they may be produced by similar giant laser arrays. Perhaps the purpose is to explore other parts of the universe.

Andrew Siemion, head of the research team funded by Milner, is actively studying the possibilities of extraterrestrial civilization.

When China’s giant radio telescope was not completed, Simeon went to visit. He warmly welcomed China’s accession to the radio observatory network and laid the foundation for joint international observations. These observatories will cooperate in SETI research. Its facilities are located in Australia, New Zealand and South Africa.

Last year, when I led a radio observatory in West Virginia to join the project led by Simeon, he was particularly excited about China's radio telescope.

He said that this is the world's most sensitive telescope, which can detect those 'often thought to be the most likely to be emitted by alien transmitters.'

Before I came to China, Simien told me that the road around the Observatory was hard to find, but he said that when my cell phone lost signal, it was not far from the destination.

Any radio transmission is prohibited near the radio parabolic antenna, so that scientists do not mistake electromagnetic interference as information from the deep space of the universe.

Even so, the Observatory's supercomputers will still receive billions of false positives, most of which are caused by human interference.

When my cell phone signal finally began to weaken, my driver was about to reach his destination.

At this point we have been away from the sunny Guiyang for five hours, and the sky is getting dark.

There is a cascade of mountains like the movie 'Avatar'. The mountain wind sweeps across the bamboo sea and sways like a huge green feather.

When my phone had no signal at all, a downpour fell from the sky on the front windshield.

A week before Guiyang, I once visited an ancient stargazing station with Liu Cixin.

After the Ming Dynasty moved the Chinese capital to Beijing in 1942, Ming Chengzu Zhu Xi broke ground on a new observatory near the Forbidden City and built this star-gazing platform.

With a height of more than 40 feet, the castle-like structure houses the most precious astronomical instruments in China.

No civilization on earth has a heritage like China in astronomy.

Here, astronomy was first used by Chinese emperors to prove the political legitimacy given to them by Heavenly Life.

After more than 3,500 years ago, Chinese astronomers used pictograms to record various cosmic phenomena at the time of the turtle's back and the bones.

The earliest known eclipse record is from Oracle.

At the time, this was probably interpreted as a sign of a disaster, such as an enemy's imminent invasion.

I and Liu Cixin are sitting at the black marble table in the stone hall of the ancient observatory.

Hundreds of pine trees are soaring, blocking the dim light of the Beijing sky.

On the side of the yard is a circular red door, a staircase leading to a turret-like observation platform that includes a huge celestial sphere supported by several bronze-cast dragons.

In 1900, when the Eight-Power Allied Forces entered Beijing, the ball with the stars was stolen. The German and French troops were crowded in the courtyard where Da Liu and I were sitting, and dozens of equally precious astronomical instruments were removed. .

The instrument was eventually returned, but the sting of the whole incident was still lingering.

This period is still a 'humiliating century' for China, which is the lowest valley in China from the peak of the Ming Dynasty.

When the Ancient Observatory was completed, China could see itself as a lonely survivor of the Bronze Age civilization, including other ancient civilizations such as Babylon, Mycenae, and even Gue.

Western poets often regard the relics of the latter as a manifestation of a brilliant civilization, but today there is no survival.

But the civilization of China for thousands of years has continued.

The emperors ruled the largest and most complex social organization on the planet.

They asked neighboring countries to tribute, let the local rulers send special envoys to Beijing, and swear in front of the emperor.

In the first volume of Chinese Science and Civilization, published in 1954, the British sinologist Joseph Needham once asked why the scientific revolution did not occur in China during the development of civilization thousands of years ago. ? Joseph Needham believes that this is due to the fact that its large intellectual elites are based on the eight-pound examination.

This question was later called the 'Li Jose puzzle.'

Voltaire also thought about why Chinese mathematicians were stagnant in geometry, and he accused Confucianism of over-emphasizing tradition.

Other historians attribute it to China's political stability is too stable, compared to Europe, the long-term stability of the mainland's technical vitality is correspondingly less.

In Europe, more than a dozen countries are crowded into a small place, and there are always conflicts.

As we know from the Manhattan Project, the risk of war helps to strengthen the emphasis on science.

Some people think that China's curiosity about civilization outside its own territory is not enough. It is worth noting that ancient China seems to have few speculations about extraterrestrial life.

This lack of curiosity is said to explain why China was stagnating in ocean exploration in the late Middle Ages, while Europe in the same period passed through the mists of the Middle Ages and came to the era of great voyages.

For whatever reason, China has fallen far behind the West in science and technology.

In 1793, King George III built a ship with the most advanced technology of the British Empire and sent it to China, but the emperor refused to accept it. The emperor said that he believed that British small ornaments were 'useless.'

After nearly half a century, the British made a comeback and sold opium to China.

The Chinese emperor once again refused, set off a vigorous anti-smoking campaign, and eventually destroyed a British opium worth about 2 million pounds by the sea.

The United Kingdom thus launched the Opium War. This time the British Navy’s warships defeated the Qing Dynasty with little effort and forced the emperor to sign the “unequal treaties”.

The European countries followed, and after the French established the Vietnamese colonies, they joined the ranks of 'dividing China.' At the same time, Japan, a former 'little brother' of Japan, reacted completely differently to Western aggression and quickly realized the modernization of the Navy. In 1894, when the Sino-Japanese War of 1894 broke out, the Beiyang Fleet was completely annihilated, and this was only a prelude to Japan’s invasion of China in the mid-20th century. During the First World War, China suffered from increasing humiliation, while the United States took the opportunity to rise. During the First World War, China also sent 200,000 workers to the Western Front to support the Allied operations. After the war, Chinese diplomats arrived in Versailles and expected China to at least be freed from unequal treaties. But the result turned out to be counterproductive. China can only sit on the same level as small countries such as Greece and Siam, and watch the Western powers divide global interests. After the 1980s, Chinese leaders showed a near-fascination for science and technology. This is an important emotion in today's Chinese society and culture. After more than a decade of hard work, China is catching up with the United States in research and development, although the quality of its research is still uneven. In any case, China now has learned how to build national prestige with strong scientific achievements. At that time, when Russia sent the first satellite and the first astronaut into space, when the American astronauts put the stars and stripes on the moon, the once 'God to the country' could only be seen. To a certain extent, China is more focused on applied science. It has created the world's fastest computing supercomputer, invested heavily in medical research, and built a 'green Great Wall' in the northwest to block the spread of the desert. Now that China is investing a lot of resources in basic science, it plans to build a large Hadron collider that will save tens of thousands of 'God particles' from the ether. In addition, the exploration of the Mars program is also in the pipeline, in the 21st century scientific picture, there is nothing more than the Chinese astronauts on the red planet's high-definition lens can symbolize the rise of China. Of course, there is also the first contact with an alien civilization. I will have a guard at a security checkpoint 16 kilometers from this giant spherical radio telescope. He locked the phone in a safe and directed me through a metal detector door to prevent the body from carrying any other electronic devices. Another guard took me through a narrow passage, and then through a stairway filled with cargo, climbed over 800 mountain roads, passed through a squeaky blue dragonfly, and came to the platform overlooking the entire observatory. . Until a few months before his death in September last year, radio astronomer Nan Rendong has always been the scientific leader and soul of the Observatory. It was Nanrendong who decided to build this giant radio telescope for the search for extraterrestrial civilization. He joined in from the start of the project, and in the early 1990s he used satellite imagery to select hundreds of candidate locations in the deep valleys of China's karst mountains. In addition to the afterglow of the Big Bang, radio waves are the weakest form of electromagnetic radiation. The total energy of the radio waves captured by the Earth Observatory during the year is less than the movement of a single snowflake that gently falls on the bare soil. Collecting these ethereal signals requires absolute radio silence. This is why China plans to set up a radio telescope on the back of the moon one day. Technically, this place is quieter than anywhere else on the planet. This is why in the past century, the Radio Astronomy Institute has been widely installed in the gap between the cities on the earth; this is why Nanrendong has worked hard to find the construction site in the remote karst mountains. These limestone peaks are jagged, covering subtropical vegetation, and from the steep surface, they form a natural barrier that protects the observatory from wind and radio noise. After the candidate locations were confirmed, Nanrendong began to hike to each location for inspection. As he walked into the center of the Great Nest, he found himself at the bottom of a roughly symmetrical bowl-shaped valley surrounded by green mountains, which were formed during the geological formation of ascending and eroding. After more than 20 years and costing $180 million, Nan Rendong placed a 500-meter-long 'Guantian Giant Eye' here and directed the radio telescope to the supernova 'Guxing'. Radio waves, Chinese astronomers recorded their extraordinary brightness as early as the supernova explosion of the millennium. Once the radio telescope is calibrated, it will begin scanning most of the sky. Andrew Siemion's research team is working with the Chinese to develop an instrument to process these scans as part of a human exploration of the universe. Simeon told me that he likes to study the dense stars in the center of the galaxy. He said: 'This is a very interesting birthplace for an advanced civilization. The number of stars and the existence of supermassive black holes constitute the ideal conditions for setting up a pile of detectors around the Milky Way.' Processing algorithms can process billions of rays of data, and billions of stars are the 'beacons' that emit rays. Liu Cixin told me that he doubts whether this radio telescope can search for a civilized signal. In the dark forest universe that he imagined in the Three-body, no civilization will take the initiative to signal, unless it is a 'death monument,' a powerful broadcast that announces that the sender is about to become extinct. If a civilization is about to be invaded by another civilization, burned by gamma rays, or destroyed for other natural reasons, it may use the last energy reserve to make a dying cry to the nearest civilization. Even if Big Liu is right, China’s giant radio telescope has its value in detecting alien civilizations. It has a very high sensitivity enough to hear the radio whispers of extraterrestrial civilizations, those whispers that have not been heard. A radar wave that is constantly emitted when an airplane is flying over the surface of the Earth. If the civilization in the universe is indeed a silent hunter, it may be wise for us humans to detect this 'leakage' of radio radiation. Many stars in the night sky may be surrounded by faint halo planets. After the civilizations invented the radio technology, it is possible to emit radio waves outside the planets before realizing the risk of doing so. Previous observators often only searched for a few stars. China's giant radio telescope can search tens of thousands of stars. In Beijing, I told Da Liu that I still have hope for the alien civilization that I might meet. I told him that I believe that the law of dark forests is based on a narrow understanding of history. It is only a general behavior inferred from the collision of Chinese and Western civilizations. But Liu Cixin confidently replied that the past between China and the West represents a larger model. Historically, it has been easy to find examples of using advanced technology to oppress other civilizations. He said: 'The same is true of China's long feudal society,' that is, the long-standing rule of neighboring countries. However, even if this model is extended to the entire human history, even if it is extended to the dark ages of prehistoric times, it extends to the demise of Neanderthals after contact with modern people, and there is still not much to infer the progress of civilization on the scale of the Milky Way. Refer to the meaning. For a civilization that has learned to live on the cosmic time scale, the entire existence of mankind is only a moment in the long dawn. After just a few million years of development, mankind has created all kinds of weapons, putting the entire species at risk. The weapon power of advanced civilization may far exceed us. No civilization can last for tens of millions of years without learning peace of mind. I told Liu Cixin that the relative youth of our civilization may mean that we are a special case in all civilizations, not a Platonic case. The Milky Way has a lienable period of billions of years. It is almost certain that any civilization we come into contact with will be older and may be smarter. In addition, to date, there is no evidence in the night sky that advanced civilizations regard expansion as the first principle. SETI researchers have begun to search for civilizations that send information in all directions. If they are consuming a lot of energy as expected, these civilizations will emit an infrared light, but they will not see anything in our all-weather scan. Perhaps after 100 billion stars, the fast-moving information will be disturbed, or perhaps the distribution of civilizations in the entire galaxy is not uniform, just as humans are unevenly distributed on Earth. But now the situation is that humans have searched nearly 100,000 galaxies near the solar system, but have not yet found an alien civilization. Some SETI researchers want to know the hidden mode of civilization expansion. They studied the feasibility of the Genesis Detector, which can sow microbes on the surface of a planet or accelerate the evolution of its surface by inducing a similar explosion like the Cambrian. Even some people even look for evidence by analyzing the information encoded in human DNA, proving that such Genesis probes may have visited the Earth. After all, DNA is the most powerful information storage medium known to the scientific community. But this kind of thinking has also failed. In fact, the concept of the outward expansion of civilization may be human-centered. Liu Cixin did not admit this. For him, the lack of these signals is only a strong evidence that the universe civilization is good at hiding. He told me that our thinking about other civilizations is limited. He said: 'especially for civilizations that may have been in the millions or billions of years. When we want to know why they don't use certain technologies to spread in the galaxy, we might like spiders want to know Why do humans don't use spider webs to catch insects?' Liu Cixin said that in any case, an ancient civilization that has achieved internal peace may still behave like a hunter, in part because it has mastered how to 'interact on each other at the cosmic level.' 'And know that misunderstandings may exist.' If we encounter a post-biological artificial intelligence that already controls the planet, the first contact will be even more tricky. This civilized worldview may have dual alienity. It may not be sympathetic, it is not the essential feature of wisdom, but the emotion brought about by a particular evolutionary history and culture. The logic behind its behavior may exceed the power of human imagination. According to three researchers at the University of Oxford, it may have turned the entire planet into a supercomputer, possibly because it found that the current universe is too hot to perform true long-term calculations. It may be hidden in human observations and dormant for hundreds of millions of years until the universe has expanded and cooled to a temperature suitable for more calculations. When I boarded the last step of the observing platform, the Earth itself seemed to squeak like a supercomputer, because the loud sounds of the insects on the mountain were magnified by the acoustics of this giant building. The first thing I noticed was not the Observatory, but the surrounding karst landform. The peaks are in a variety of weird shapes, just as the Maya built countless giant pyramids in hundreds of square miles, covered by vegetation, extending in all directions and extending to the horizon. The nearby mountains are close to dark green, while the distant ridges look bluer. Among the undulating valleys is the spectacular array of radio parabolic antennas.

It has an area of ??five football fields and is deep enough to provide two bowls of rice for everyone on the planet. This is an example of contemporary technology.

It's vast reminds me of the Bingham copper mine in Utah, but it doesn't have the crude industrial atmosphere of copper mines.

The entire radio parabolic antenna is like the smooth silver mark left by God pressing the perfect round fingertip on the earth's outer shell.

I sat in the rain for an hour, and the clouds drifted across the sky, shining on the antenna array of the Observatory.

It has thousands of aluminum triangles that give a mosaic effect: some become bright silver, while others turn pale bronze.

If a distant civilization sends a signal that will arrive soon, then this signal may be captured by metal pieces on the planet.

Radio waves can enter the receiver through the antenna array.

And scientists will do their best to analyze and verify the information.

In Beijing, I asked Liu Cixin to set aside his dark forest law.

I let him imagine that the Chinese Academy of Sciences called and told him that he had found a signal.

How would he answer the message from the universe civilization? He said he would avoid making too detailed a description of human history.

'This is very dark,' he said. 'This may make us look more threatening.

' In Peter Watts' first novel 'Blind Eyes' in contact with alien civilizations, merely mentioning individuals too much is enough to make us think it is a threat of existence.

I reminded Liu Cixin that distant civilizations may be able to observe the glow of the atomic bombs in the Earth's atmosphere, but they, like any advanced civilization, only observe the habitats that are suitable for life.

In other words, whether or not we disclose our history may not be ours.

But Liu Cixin told me that even without a world war, the first contact with an alien civilization would lead to human conflict, which is a popular metaphor in science fiction.

In last year's Oscar-nominated movie 'Arrival', the sudden emergence of alien civilizations inspired the formation of the end of the world cult, almost triggered a war between the world's major powers, they are eager to gain an advantage in the competition, Understand the information of alien civilizations.

Da Liu’s pessimism also has realistic evidence: a riot in the 1949 replay of Orson Wells’s World War II simulation of alien invasions caused a riot that killed six people.

'We are easily caught in conflicts that seem easy to solve,' Liu Cixin told me.

The emergence of local and foreign civilizations, even without geopolitical conflicts, humans will undergo a fierce cultural transformation, because every belief system on the earth is in contact with the first type (meaning that some part of the human body touches something on the UFO) The fact that there is a trace of UFO left in close proximity is in conflict.

Buddhists will be relaxed: their faith has carried countless ancient universes, and every corner of the universe is filled with the vibrational energy of life.

The Hindu universe is equally grand and rich.

The Qur'an mentions Allah's creation of the heavens and the earth and the spread of life through them.

The Jews believe that the power of God is infinite. Of course, nothing can incite his creation of the earth.

Christianity may be even harder.

There is a debate in contemporary Christian theology that whether the grace of Christ extends to every soul in the vast universe, or whether the sinful inhabitants of distant planets need their own gods to intervene.

The Vatican seems particularly keen to incorporate extraterrestrial life into its teachings, which makes us feel that perhaps another scientific revolution is coming.

Similarly, secular humanists will not be awake for the first contact.

Cobini used the heliocentric theory to pull humans out of the center of the universe, and Darwin pulled humans back to the animal world.

But even within this framework, humans have always seen themselves as the pinnacle of natural evolution.

We continue to brutally treat 'lower' creatures.

We are surprised to find that existence itself is to maintain life like ours with the simplest materials and axioms.

用卡尔·萨根(CarlSagan)的话来说,我们已经因为自己是“宇宙理解自身的方式”,从而让自己受宠若惊。

用世俗的说法讲,我们是按照自己的形象创造了上帝。


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