scr888 apk new version:scr888,apk,new,version,锘,The,2:锘?p>The 20th grade of the ninth grade history (People's Education Edition) The next lesson plan: Lesson 10 The Soviet Union's reform and disintegration teaching case 1Download the 2018 ninth grade history (People's Education Edition) : Les
锘?p>The 20th grade of the ninth grade history (People's Education Edition) The next lesson plan: Lesson 10 The Soviet Union's reform and disintegration teaching case 1Download the 2018 ninth grade history (People's Education Edition) : Lesson 10 The Reform and Disintegration of the Soviet Union 1 Lesson 10 The Reform and Disintegration of the Soviet Union [Teaching Objectives] 1. Knowledge and ability Through the study of this lesson, students can understand the exploration and twists and turns in the socialist construction of the Soviet Union.
Mastering Khrushchev reform, Gorbachev reform, 'August 19th Incident' and the disintegration of the Soviet Union. 2. The process and method guide students to analyze the success or failure of Khrushchev's reform, analyze the various contradictions of Gorbachev's reforms to intensify Soviet society, directly lead to the disintegration of the Soviet Union, and let students understand the significant impact of their reform on the development of the Soviet Union. To make students understand that the development of socialism is not smooth sailing, there are twists and turns.
3. Emotional attitudes and values ??combine the relevant knowledge of political disciplines and modern Chinese history, compare the experience and lessons of Soviet and Chinese socialist construction, further understand the significance of the socialist road with Chinese characteristics, and initially exercise the comprehensive ability of disciplines. [teaching difficulties] 1. Focus: Reform during the Khrushchev period.
2. Difficulties: 'The Disintegration of the Soviet Union' [Teaching Point] This lesson focuses on the reform of the Soviet Union during the Khrushchev period, the reform of the Gorbachev period, and the disintegration of the Soviet Union after the death of Stalin.
The Soviet Union was in disintegration from its establishment in 1922 to 1991, and it has been nearly 70 years.
Since the death of Dalin, the Soviet Union experienced the Khrushchev period, the Brezhnev period, and the Gorbachev period. Through the reforms of these three people during the political period, the Soviet Union stepped toward disintegration.
Of course, the disintegration of the Soviet Union has profound social reasons, historical reasons, and external reasons. We should learn from the history of the Soviet Union and play a good reference for the socialist construction of our country.
[Teaching process] [Import new course] (telling) In today's world, it is a multi-polar world. Can you tell us which strengths are there? (Answer) (telling) Russia is now one of the strongest. The Soviet Union before Russia is also a strong one that can stand on the same level as the United States.
When we learned about the establishment of the Soviet Union, we said that the word 'the Soviet Union' has become a historical term.
From the establishment of the Soviet Union in 1922 to its disintegration, it took nearly 70 years.
So why is such a powerful Soviet Union going to the point of disintegration? Is its disintegration a one-off event, or is it inevitable in its history? [telling new lessons] 1. Khrushchev reform 1. The background of Khrushchev鈥檚 reform (telling) Khrushchev was the leader of the newly-elected Soviet Union after Stalin鈥檚 death. Why did Taiwan鈥檚 large-scale reforms begin when it came to power? What is the purpose of his reform? First of all, we recall what kind of economic and political system was established by the Soviet Union during the Stalin period. (Answer) (telling) The drawbacks of the highly concentrated political and economic system established by the Soviet Union during the Stalin period. Over time, the drawbacks of this rigidly managed management system are increasingly exposed and gradually become an obstacle to social development.
After Stalin鈥檚 death, people鈥檚 minds changed.
The new leader who came to power at this time was determined to change the political and economic system of Stalin.
Who is he? (Answer) (Showing pictures, telling) Khrushchev, who served as the party and state leader, began to make drastic reforms from the beginning.
(Additional story about Khrushchev's life) 'In the years after the Second World War, no success or failure of a world leader could change the history of Khrushchev so dramatically and decisively. Process.
' - Nixon 'The Soviet Union received a special pensioner Nie Sheh Khrushchev died.
'--How did you evaluate Khrushchev when Khrushchev died in 1971? (Student discussion, answer) (telling) This is a controversial figure in history.
We can't just see his shortcomings, nor can you just see his good side. Anyone has two sides. We must fully and correctly understand and evaluate a person. We must not evaluate him by my own subjective knowledge. 2. The content of Khrushchev's reform (telling) We just said that Khrushchev's reform is a 'big-bang' reform. What is the main content of a reform of such a large scale? How did he reform the shortcomings of the Stalinist system? Everyone reads the small text of the 'Twenty-Fourth' of the CPSU and asks questions. 'What are the consequences of Khrushchev鈥檚 reforms on what Stalin has done (answer) (telling) Khrushchev鈥檚 secret report reveals and criticizes personal worship. It has great significance, but the overall negation of Stalin has caused ideological confusion and has had a tremendous negative impact on the Soviet Union and the international communist movement. Khrushchev鈥檚 reforms have mainly taken some reform measures against some of the shortcomings of the Stalinist period. So what kind of measures did he take in specific aspects of politics and economy? (Student reading small words, answering) (telling) The series of reforms he carried out greatly affected the Stalin model, but In the end, he did not prevent the Soviet Union from disintegrating. From this perspective, we can say that Khrushchev鈥檚 reform failed. Why did Khrushchev鈥檚 reform fail? (answer) (telling) Until 1964, Khrushchev was When he was forced to step down, the reforms he carried out ended. This did not change from the fundamental system, but only in some specific The reforms carried out on the measures are doomed to be unsuccessful. 3. Brezhnev reform (showing pictures, telling) After Khrushchev was forced to step down, Brezhnev took office and became the new leader of the Soviet Union. After he took office, he also carried out some reforms. But he did not proceed according to Khrushchev鈥檚 ideas, but reforms from another way of thinking. What specific content does the reforms he carried out during his administration? (answer) (Telling) The focus of his reform is on heavy industry. He and Khrushchev are the same. They just made some reforms in some specific aspects, but they did not really touch the root causes of the Soviet problem, so their reforms. It is destined not to let the Soviet Union really get out of the circle of destiny. Second, the disintegration of the Soviet Union 1. Gorbachev reform (telling) Brezhnev reform not only did not break through the Stalin model, but made this model more rigid. Another leader of the Soviet Union who came to power after him was also the last leader of the Soviet Union. Who is he? (answer) (Show pictures, tell Gorbachev was a Soviet leader after Brezhnev. The two leaders in front of him had different reforms on different issues in the Soviet Union, but their reform did not alleviate the essence of the Soviet Union. However, it has deepened the plight of the Soviet Union. Therefore, at the beginning of Gorbachev鈥檚 coming to power, some reforms were carried out. Where did he first reform? (answer) (telling) his economic reforms did not He achieved the success he wanted, but he did not give up. He turned the goal of reform to another aspect. Has he carried out reforms in that area? (Answer) (telling) What is specific about his political reforms? What are the measures? (Answer) 2. The disintegration of the Soviet Union (speaking) The new thinking and democratic socialist trends in political reforms have caused and confuse people's minds. Gorbachev's political reforms have not achieved results, and It also exposed the problems of the Soviet Union further, which made the Soviet political system undergo a drastic change. What is its main performance? (Answer) (telling) The republics began to gradually disengage from the Soviet Union. What is the process of this separation? (Student combined with the textbook content, answer) (telling) countries that joined the federation before began to leave the federation. Finally, on August 19, 1991, an incident that affected the entire situation in the Soviet Union occurred. What event? (Answer) (telling) The 'August 19th Incident' was suppressed, and the Soviet Union finally went to understand the ending of the body. After this incident, Gorbachev actually lost the prestige and ability to lead the country. At this time, who is on the stage, who is going to replace Gorbachev鈥檚 power? (Answer) (telling) Yeltsin controlled the overall situation, but the speed of the Soviet Union's division was further aggravated. In the end, the Soviet Union disintegrated. What year was this? (Answer) (Instruct students to refer to the 'Import Box' content, telling) On the evening of December 25, 1991, Gorbachev announced his resignation, and the 'Red Flag of the Scythe Hammer' was lowered from the Kremlin, and replaced by white, The Russian flag of blue and red, which marked the Soviet Union in the world's first socialist country, eventually disintegrated. Everyone thinks if there is no August 19th incident, whether the Soviet Union will still exist (student discussion, answer) (telling) 'August 19th Incident' to safeguard the Soviet Union as the original intention, but it became a catalyst for the Soviet Union to accelerate the collapse, after the incident Yeltsin Mastery controls the overall situation, but it is not the root cause of the collapse of the Soviet Union. The collapse of the Soviet Union was complicated. What are the reasons why you can discuss the disintegration of the Soviet Union in groups? (Student group discussion, answer) (telling) has its historical reasons, such as the political and economic system of the Stalinist period, the negative impact of its bipolar hegemony with the United States after the war, Gorbachev鈥檚 failure Reforms, etc., and the peaceful evolution of it by other capitalist countries. The establishment of the 'CIS' marked the initial disintegration of the Soviet Union. At the end of December 1991, the Soviet Union officially disintegrated. What do you think is the relationship between the disintegration of the Soviet Union and the reform of Gorbachev? How to evaluate Gorbachev's reform? (Answer) (summary) During the Khrushchev period, the Soviet Union carried out a series of reforms. Due to objective and subjective factors, reform failed, and the drawbacks of the Stalin model were still not overcome. After Gorbachev came to power, he successively carried out economic reforms and political reforms. The reforms intensified various contradictions in Soviet society and triggered social unrest and division, which directly led to the collapse of the Soviet Union and the collapse of the CPSU. The Soviet Union completely disintegrated at the end of 1991. Gorbachev鈥檚 reforms were not the root cause of the disintegration of the Soviet Union, but merely accelerated its disintegration. From the disintegration of the Soviet Union, what do you think can be learned from the experience of socialism in our country? (Contact the reality, let more students actively think and speak, as long as the reasoned teachers should be fully encouraged, so that students can establish such a viewpoint: an important role of learning history is to learn from history and learn from history.) (Discussion) (Summary) The development of socialism is not smooth sailing. The disintegration of the Soviet Union shows that socialism suffered setbacks, but this is only the failure of the Soviet model. We must learn from the experience and lessons of the Soviet Union, and we must unswervingly adhere to and actively explore the socialist road with Chinese characteristics. [Classroom Summary] The historical figures involved in this lesson are controversial. The Soviet Union鈥檚 disintegration process and its causes still have many historical mysteries. The narrative of the textbook is briefly summarized. It is recommended that teachers collect more information before the class, and they can supplement the students appropriately during class. Or arrange student enquiries before class, and students communicate with each other in class teaching, so that students can better understand this history and have their own analysis. [Board Design] Lesson 10 Reform and Disintegration of the Soviet Union I. Khrushchev Reform 1. The background of Khrushchev reform 2. The content of Khrushchev reform 3. Brezhnev reform.
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